Journal of Dental Implants
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Table of Contents
Year : 2019  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 51-52

In the words of the pioneering Indian implant dentist

L.D.Sc. (Bom.) M.D.S. (Tufts. U.S.A.), F.I.C.D., F.I.C.O.I. (U.S.A.), C.I.R.I.L. Hon. (Paris.) M.H.S.D.R. (Greece), F.A.D.I. Diplomate, ICOI, Board (U.S.A.), Diplomate, ISOI (Bom.)

Date of Web Publication13-Jan-2020

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Firoze Dara Mirza
55-A, Warden Road, Opposite Breach Candy Hospital, “Jeevan Anand”, Ground Floor, Rajabali Patel Lane, Mumbai – 400026, Maharashtra

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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jdi.jdi_1_20

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How to cite this article:
Mirza FD. In the words of the pioneering Indian implant dentist. J Dent Implant 2019;9:51-2

How to cite this URL:
Mirza FD. In the words of the pioneering Indian implant dentist. J Dent Implant [serial online] 2019 [cited 2021 Mar 4];9:51-2. Available from:

On a cold September morning in 1955 I landed on a New York dockside from Bombay, dreaming of a new life in the new world at the age of 22. I was the only student admitted for a master's degree course in PROSTHODONTICS at Tufts University College of Dental Medicine, Boston under illustrious teacher Dr. Irving Hardy. I also took the course on subperiosteal implants by Dr. Goldberg & Dr. Gershkoff who started it for the first time in the same institute in 1956-1957. I also placed my first sub-periosteal implant in the mandible in 1956 at the same time when Dr. Dahl in Sweden put his first subperiosteal implant.

In 1961 I wrote an essay on Dental Implants in the essay competition in the “Quintessence Journal” in Germany. I got a prize that gave me more encouragement to pursue implant treatments in the mouth of my patients. Back home, I did my first subperiosteal implant ever done in India in the mandible in Bombay in 1962 at the Breach Candy Dental Clinic and presented this case to the Faculty at the Nair Hospital Dental College, Bombay University.

Endosseous Blade-Vent implants made by Dr Charles Weis, USA in the 1960's and 70's had their share of success and failures due to inaccuracies of the channel preparation. Dr Leonard Linkow published his two volume books in 1970 for implant dentists to improve their knowledge and skills. The exemplary work of Dr Branemark (who coined the word “OSTEO-INTEGRATION”) and his team were published in Swedish Journal that led to explosive interest in dental implants for patients and in 1988, their safe use in patients was passed by the American Health Ministry, Bethesda, Maryland and the Food and Drug Administration, USA. Nobel Biocare offered academic courses on this cylindrical implants across the globe and I kept abreast with this form of therapy.

Then in 1988 on invitation of Dr Ronald Cullen of the British Implant Society, I presented 35 successful cases of Blade-Vent done in my practice in Bombay at their first Society Conference. Here I met Prof. Grafelmann of Germany known for different successful blade designs and invited him to Bombay but he refused to come because of the fear of “Bombay Belly” (a fearful condition of diarrhea). I used many of his Blade implants that had a strong neck. Prof. Grafelmann also made cylinder implants and screw implants which were easy to insert and restore prosthetically on the same day. These made them popular inspite of some limitations. Eventually on my persistent insistence and sponsored by the German Consulate, Prof Grafelmann addressed the 75 members at the first conference of the Bombay Society of Oral Implantologists at the Hotel Holiday Inn, Bombay in 1988. A hands-on session on cadaver calf bones was arranged for benefits of Indian dentists. This led to more training of dentists by me and my colleagues Dr A.P. Chitre, Dr Ajit Shetty, Dr Daruwala and Dr Jayashree Dikshit. I also managed to invite many proven implantologists from abroad like Drs. Charles Weis, Gerald Niznick, Carl Misch, Kenneth Judy, Leonard Linkow, Krishan Kapur, Deporter, Don Seok Song, Jean Mark Juilet, Hilt Tatum, Lo Bello, Feni Roumelioti Margarity, Branemark and Vincent Morgan in implant conferences in India paving way for contemporary implant practice in India. Besides me, many of our members like Dr Glenn Mascarenhas, Dr Paresh Kale, Dr Uday Shetty, Dr Sharat Shetty and others continue to offer their experiences in furthering the cause of implant education in India.

In 1989, Indian Society of Oral Implantologists was established with me as the Founder President and Dr A. P. Chitre as the Founder Secretary. I oversaw the smooth functioning of this all India body for 10 years and has grown to over 2500 members today. We can even boast of some Indian Implantologists who are second to none in this modern world. Incidentally I may state that I was the Founder of Indian Prosthodontic Society in 1972.

Over the years, I have been invited to speak at various American, European and Asian Implant Societies (almost 20 countries). I always encouraged implant science and refrained any commercial benefits of selling implant brands. I was also invited by Dr Ratnanayaka, President of Sri Lanka Dental Association in 1996 to start dental Implantology in Sri Lanka. With a temporary Registered License and a curriculum from the PERADENIYA University, I treated 52 patients and demonstrated the nuances of implantology to the dental surgeons of Sri Lanka till 1998. Today at the age of 87 years I still practice actively for 3 hours because my patients want me and that keeps me going.

I believe in waging a war against weakness and launching a campaign against fearfulness. I had successfully placed a Blade-Vent implant in a cancer bone on one of my patients in practice after she underwent surgical resection and “Brachy-therapy” (radiation treatment) and later rehabilitated with fixed prosthesis. This was first of the kind and was published in an American Journal in 1978 and subsequently presented at various forums. Today many such surgically operated for cancers and irradiated jaws are treated with titanium implants. Another case worth mentioning is the placement of implants and fixed prosthesis in a case of ectodermal dysplasia in a 15 years old American boy with only four incisors in the maxillary jaw and no teeth in the mandible. This was contrary to placement of implants in only fully-grown individual. He returned 15 years later with his father with the functional implant prosthesis and pursues a successful singing profession.

To conclude I humbly say that I was lucky to fulfill my mission in promoting good dental treatment to not only my patients but to many patients that are treated by my students all over India and abroad. I enjoyed teaching and was grateful to receive “DRONACHARYA” award from Dr. Anil Arora of FAMDENT.

In the end I cannot forget my team of my clinic Dr. Jayashree.V. Dikshit, Mr. Kiran G. Naik, my Secretary Ms. Benafsha H Merchant and other ancillary staff as without them I could not have survived in my dental practice for the last 60 years at the same place at Breach Candy Dental Clinic, Mumbai.

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There are no conflicts of interest.


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