Journal of Dental Implants
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Year : 2013  |  Volume : 3  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 125-133

Mini-dental implants-for rehabilitation of narrow single tooth edentulous space: A clinical study of seven cases

1 Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Govt Dental College, Raipur, Chhattisgarh, India
2 Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Govt Dental College, Gujarat, India
3 Private Practitioner, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India

Correspondence Address:
Bipin Sadhwani
Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Govt. Dental College and Hospital, Ahmedabad - 16
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0974-6781.118880

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Aims and Objectives: To evaluate the efficacy, clinical acceptability, and patient response to rehabilitation of single edentulous spaces with restorations over screw retained mini dental implants. Materials and Methods: This study consisted of seven patients (four female and three male). Single-stage, 2.4 mm diameter and 10 and 13 mm long, screw form with integrated abutment, self-tapping, threaded, acid-etched and sandblasted, pure titanium mini dental implants were placed in 10 single, narrow, edentulous spaces (<6 mm bucco-lingually) in the anterior region of the jaw (four in the maxilla and three in the mandible). Results: Post-operative evaluation of mini dental implant was done 12 months of implant loading. Following clinical and radiographic parameters were evaluated: Gingival status (Gingival index), probing depth (By William's periodontal probe), stability (periotest), patient compliance, prosthesis loosening and fracture, and marginal bone loss (using Intra-oral periapical radiograph, orthopantomograph) Conclusion: Single-tooth mini-implant restorations demonstrated a rate of success similar to those reported by previous studies for standard single-tooth implant restoration. Therefore, a mini-implant may represent a valid treatment alternative when space problems do not permit the use of standard wide-diameter implants. However, more long-term studies are needed to determine the long term success rate of this self-tapping mini implant design.

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