Journal of Dental Implants
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Year : 2012  |  Volume : 2  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 42-46

Kinesthetic ability with osseointegrated implants

1 Department of Periodontics, D. J. Dental College, Modinagar, Uttar Pradesh, India
2 Department of Prosthodontics, Swami Devi Dyal Dental College, Panchkula, Haryana, India

Correspondence Address:
Varun Dahiya
D. J. Dental College, Modinagar, Uttar Pradesh
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0974-6781.96573

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Least consensus is available on implant proprioception, which is the basis of restoring missing teeth with implants, in particular. This is the reason that implants are still not popular in many countries. If we understand the sensory motor function improvement with the implant-supported fixed prosthesis and removable restoration, we can inculcate the implants in our practice more routinely. In the present review many studies are critically evaluated to understand the phenomenon of proprioception for controlling the position and movement of the jaw. This is very important in adjusting the muscular movement accurately to maintain neuromuscular balance. Kinesthetic ability is a muscle memory that can result in precise jaw movements after the tooth loss. It is a proven fact that training can improve this muscle memory and coordination if the neural input is strong. Studies say that the removal of intra-dental and periodontal mechanoception accompanying tooth loss changes are the fine proprioceptive control of jaw function. It can influence the precision of magnitude, direction, and rate of occlusal load application, which can be detrimental to the stomatognathic tissues if not within the physiologic limits. If we provide implant-supported prostheses, which will improve proprioception as compared to tissue-supported prostheses, it will definitely improve the muscle sense and control.

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