Journal of Dental Implants
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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2015  |  Volume : 5  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 12-15

The effect of smoking and nonsmoking on bone healing (Osseo integrated phase) around locking-taper dental implants


1 Division of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Dental School, Tutor Beirut Arab University; Department of Oral and Maxillofacial, Dental School, Lebanese University, Beirut, Lebanon; College of Medicine, Cardiff University of Wales, London, England
2 Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Dental School, Beirut Arab University, Beirut, Lebanon

Correspondence Address:
Wahid Terro
St. Mazraa, Close to Russian Embassy, Colombia Centre, 3rd Floor, Beirut, Lebanon

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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0974-6781.154421

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Background: It has been shown that smoking habits characterize an increased risk for impaired Osseo integration or bone healing and finally implant failure. Purpose: The aim of this retrospective clinical study was to investigate the impact of cigarette smoking and nonsmoking on the bone healing around locking-taper dental implants. Materials and Methods: A retrospective analysis was made over a 4 years and 9 months period of the clinical and radiographic findings corresponding to 54 consecutive patients (34 women and 20 men) who had received a total of 162 implants. Patients were divided into two groups: Smokers, 20 patients (received 72 implants); and nonsmokers (NS), 34 patients (received 90 implants). Smokers were identified as people smoking >15 cigarettes per day. The success and failure cases were evaluated and studied. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics. Results: Four implants out of 162 implants (2.46%) failed and had to be removed. Conclusions: Within the limitations of this study, the results indicated a high success rate 97.5% (158/162). No real difference in proportion of failure of implant placement both smokers and NS (P = 0.8577).


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